Nepal, the country of high Himalayas, majestic mountains, strange wildlife and diverse cultures is a world in itself. Nepal has a unique landscape stretches from the pinnacle of Mt. Everest to the Terai low lands where diverse human cultures and natural habitats can be found. Nepal is the birth place of Lord Buddha. Roughly rectangular in shape, Nepal is sandwiched between China in the north and India in South. The length of the kingdom is approximately 885 km east to west, and breadth 193 km north to south. The total area of the country is 147, 181 sq.km. Kathmandu is the capital city of Nepal. Basically the visitors come to this country seeking yetis, others for tigers, some are in search of nirvana and many come to trek on ancient trail.
Nepal is rich in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical location variation in altitude. Within a distance of 150km, the elevation of the country ranges from 60 meters above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest (8,848m.). The climate is also diverse in nature ranging from Sub-tropical to Arctic due to country's altitudinal variation. Nepal has occupied only 1% of the earth but it is a home to 2% of all the flowering plants in the world, 8% of the world's population of birds, 4% of mammals on earth, 11 of the world's 15 families of butterflies, 600 indigenous plant families and 319 species of exotic orchids. The national language of Nepal is Nepali, however; the people engaged in travel-trade understand and speak English fluently.
Area: 147,181 sq. km
Geography: Situated between China in the north and India in the South
Location: Latitude: 2612' to 3027' North Longitude:804' to 8812' East
Population: 23 million
People:101 ethnic groups and 92 spoken languages
Climate: sub-tropical in low lands to arctics in higher altitudes
Time : Nepal time is 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT
Religion : Nepal is a secular state with a pre-dominance of Hindus and Buddhist Population.
Currency : Nepali Rupee (approximately US$ 1 equals Rs. 78.19 as of Oct 2008)